International Public Law & politics
|The Most Powerful Partner in Crime|
The First Persian war, better known as the Iran-Iraq war, was one of the bloodiest and most costly armed conflicts of the twentieth century. For many westerners, it was merely a far-away conflict and the region only seemed to catch significant interest when the United States openly flexed their muscles in Operation Desert Storm, to free Kuwait of their evil invader. Suddenly the lies and losses of the devil that was Iraq reached every living room in the Western hemisphere, and the more than a million casualties the longestconventional war of the century had cost were soon forgotten, overshadowed by an armed conflict that somehow seemed more important.
This thesis does not attempt to clarify the reasons why the sudden change of political direction from the United States concerning Iraqoccurred, or which particular American interests were at stake that made them decide to invade Iraq. Nor will the Iran-Iraq war itself be detailed; just the broad strokes where the course of the war influenced Washington’s decisionmaking will be touched upon. In its attempt to lay bare the backbone of what was once America’s stance and policy towards the region, during the Iran-Iraq war to be exact, one cannot help but discern a certain level of hypocrisy. The cynical would note that it is interests and not moral standards that tend to dictate a superpower’s foreign policy and that feigning the opposite would be obscuring the truth.
|Dialogue between international law and international relations,|
Andrés B. Muñoz Mosquera
Discussions on the relationship between International Law and International Relations is an old issue that has already taken place at the end of the XIX century, even before, being an example of it Stephen’s essay International Law and International Relations (1884).
This text intensively intends to highlight how much these two disciplines are interrelated, also underlining questions that apparently separate one from another. This work is a modest contribution to this interesting and eternal debate.
The author presents an essay of thoughts that wants to destroy the apparent dichotomy between International Law and International Relations. He presents an optimistic view on how these two disciplines can get along, finding the terms in common but conserving both their uniqueness and action capacity.Current international questions as Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq need an explanation. Those involved in their analysis cannot missed the discussion of thoughts and ideas that might bring some light to the understanding on the way states and their governments ride two horses, namely International Relations and International Law.
|Rethinking Europe’s Constitution|
Andreas Kinneging (ed.)
The beginnings of this book go back to 2003 when the editor asked the contributors and several others to participate in an expert meeting on the Draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, which at that time had just been made public. Subsequently, all went to work and towards the end of 2004 most participants at the meeting had completed their contribution to the book. During the editing process, however, something happened which nobody – least of all the editor – had taken into consideration. In May and June 2005 – as we all know – the French and Dutch people rejected the Draft Treaty in a referendum, thus bringing the constitutional process to a sudden standstill.
The editor asked the contributors to revise their papers in such a manner that they would also answer the question:
• What should be the basic legal framework of institutions of the European Union in the near and not-so-near future? In other words: what would be essential constitutional elements of a modified Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe? (Never mind whether it will be called a ‘Constitution’ or not.)
The result is the book you are holding in your hands. We hope that it will be of some use in thinking through the question that should be – but is not – on everyone’s mind because it is a question of invaluable importance for the future of Europe: What should become of the European Union?
All in all, you will find here a collection of eleven essays on various aspects of that question. For clarity’s sake, the essays are divided into four parts.
Part I is about what many constitutions, including the Draft Treaty, start with: the preamble. More specifically, it is about the issue, heavily contended in the recent discussion on the Draft Treaty, whether the preamble should contain any references to God or religion. Paul Cliteur’s essay on God and Religion in the Preamble of Constitutions starts off this book with a thorough discussion of this issue and defends a laicist constitution, radically separating state and church.
Part II comprises four essays, which, from very different perspectives, deal with the overall constitutional structure of the European Union. In his paper United we stand, divided we fall, a Case for the United States of Europe, Andreas Kinneging makes a case – as the title already leads us to suspect – for a United States of Europe, along the lines of the case made by the American Founding Fathers for a strong United States of America. Likewise, in his essay Europe of the 21st Century and the Fears and Formulae of the 18th and 19th Century, Paul De Hert also pleads for the creation of an American style federal state in Europe, but for very different reasons. He is mainly concerned with balancing the powers of the Union and of the national governments, in order to ensure the liberty of the individual. From this same perspective he also discusses and criticizes the Charter of Fundamental Rights. In the third contribution to the second part, in a paper entitled Pluralism and European Unification, Hans-Martien ten Napel explores what a pluralist Christian vision of a good European constitution looks like, and assesses the extent to which the Draft Treaty is consistent with this vision. He concludes that the demands of pluralism are insufficiently honoured. Sophie van Bijsterveld’s essay on Governance in the EU: Democratic Equality and the Separation of Powers concludes the second part. It looks at the developments in the European Union from the point of view of two principles which are also central to the US Constitution: the separation of powers and democracy, with regard to both formal and informal governance of Europe.
Part III subsequently singles out the principle of democracy for further discussion. Everybody knows that, traditionally, the democratic image of the decision-making processes in the European Union and its predecessors is rather questionable. Perhaps in order to counter that image, the framers of the Draft Treaty devoted a number of articles (44-51) explicitly to ‘The democratic life of the Union’. The question is of course whether this questionable image is justified to begin with, and if so, whether constitutional changes along the lines of the Draft Treaty would improve the situation and make the European Union more democratic. The two essays included in part III are rather pessimistic on both regards. In a paper aptly named The Aristocratic Surplus, Armin Cuyver gives an overview of the lack of democracy in the institutions of the European Union. In The Democratic Life in Europolis, Paul Nieuwenburg then follows up with a critique of the above-mentioned articles of the Draft Treaty, which he argues to be muddled and shallow.
Finally, in part IV, four authors discuss different aspects of the governance of the European Union. In his paper The Coming of Age of the European Legislator, Wim Voermans examines the various issues pertaining to the legislative power in Europe. He contends that, contrary to what is often believed, the European Parliament is now a full-blown legislative power, comparable to the national parliaments. In his contribution The President of the European Council as the Servant of the United States of Europe, John Sap focuses on the executive power. Carla Zoethout and Rick Lawson round off the book with essays on the position of the European Court of Justice and its case law. In her paper The Court and the Charter of Fundamental Rights, Zoethout focuses on the question how the European Court should interpret the Charter of Fundamental Rights. And in his paper In Search of Polaris: which Rights for the European Union, Lawson asks which human-rights standards the European Court should apply and how they should be applied.
|Belemmering of gewin?|
Mr. Hakob Tumasjan
Dit boekje is het resultaat van een wetenschappelijk onderzoek, dat de auteur Hakob Tumasjan heeft uitgevoerd ten einde bij te dragen aan het herstel van de diplomatieke betrekkingen en burgelijke relaties tussen de twee oude buren - Turkije en Armenië.
De Armeense genocide is een wetenschappelijk bewezen feit. In dit licht, na een korte overtuigende hantering van de argumenten en feiten die deze historische waarheid aangeven, heeft de auteur onderzocht in hoeverre het VN-genocideverdrag op de massamoorden van Armeniërs gepleegd door Ottomaanse Turken toegepast kan worden. Vervolgens worden beweegredenen, methodes en acties, waaronder de politieke manipulatie op grond waarvan Turkije nog steeds probeert een universele erkenning van de Armeense genocide te voorkomen, aan het licht gebracht. Verder wordt er duidelijk aangetoond dat de ontkenning van de Armeense genocide in strijd is met de doelstellingen en waarden van de EU, en dat het zeer onwaarschijnlijk is dat Turkije zonder erkenning van dit historisch feit een lidstaat van de EU kan worden. Tot slot verondersteld de auteur dat de mogelijke voordelen en baten van het gestreefde EU-lidmaatschap voor Turkije in aanzienlijke mate de onvermijdelijke kosten die het land voor haar rekening zal nemen als gevolg van de erkenning van de Armeense genocide zullen overtreffen.
€ 10.00 Verkrijgbaar via bol.com of uw lokale boekhandel
|Het Nederlandse Rode Kruis - De vier Verdragen van Genève en de drie Aanvullende Protocollen|
Nederlandse Rode Kruis, (red) mr. M.A.J. Hector, LL.M, drs. P.J.C. Schimmelpenninck van der Oije, LL. M
Deze verdragen vormen de kern van het humanitair oorlogsrecht. Het is geen verassing dat uitgerekend het Nederlandse Rode kruis deze uitgave heeft verzorgd.
Een van de kerntaken van het Nederlandse Rode Kruis is immers verspreiding van kennis over het humanitair oorlogsrecht in Nederland. Een uitgave als deze geeft duidelijk aan hoe sterk de band is tussen het Rode Kruis en de bescherming van mensen in oorlogstijd. Zo is in elk van de verdragen bepaald, dat alle personen die niet actief deelnemen aan de strijd onder alle omstandigheden humaan moet worden behandeld. Dus zonder uitzondering gebaseerd op ras, huidskleur, geloof, geslacht, geboorte, bezit, of andere gelijksoortige criteria. Dat is in overeenstemming met de Rode Kruis beginselen. Hierin ligt dan ook de fundamentele waarde van het Rode Kruis als Internationale Beweging: er wordt geen onderscheid gemaakt tussen mensen. Men is begaan met het menselijk lijden.
|Ensuring and Enforcing Human Security: The Practice of International Peace Missions|
The progressive development of international peace operations calls for continuous legal and policy review.
Ulf Häußler succeeds in assessing recent changes in peace missions and their underlying legal framework. He describes the requirements for comprehensive mandates and also looks into the limits of authority, as defined in principles and rules of human rights and international humanitarian law. Stressing the responsibility of peacekeepers and their Sending States to ensure compliance with obligations established in a preceding peace settlement, this book systematically evaluates relevant military operations and decision processes. It does not shy away from critical issues, such as operational detentions, riot control and intelligence missions.
As issues of international accountability are clearly getting more importance for the success of peace operations, the deliberations and findings presented in this book deserve close attention within a wider community of experts.
Chapter 1- Preliminary Remarks & Introduction
Chapter 2- The Changing Face of Peace Missions
Chapter 3- Empowering Peace Missions: The Need for Chapter VII Mandates
Chapter 4- The Sources of the Law of Peace Missions: Authority
Chapter 5- The Sources of the Law of Peace Missions: Limits of Authority
Chapter 6- Challenges of Peacekeeping and the Framework of Accountability
Chapter 7-Exercise of Authority vis-à-vis Ex- and Would-Be-Belligerents or Governance Institutions in Receiving States
Chapter 8- Exercise of Authority Directly Affecting the General Public
Chapter 9- Exercise of Authority: Legitimacy of Operational Detentions
Chapter 10- Oversight of Exercise of Authority: Review of Individual Cases of Operational Detention
Uitgave in de reeks van Challenge in samenwerking met Centrum voor Migratierecht Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
|Federalism and the Accommodation of Diversity in Ethiopia|
In 1995 is in Ethiopië een federaal stelsel ingevoerd op basis van etniciteit. Assefa Fiseha gaat in zijn proefschrift na in hoeverre het stelsel zoals dat is ingericht en functioneert tegemoet komt aan de constitutionele doelstelling van het accomoderen van diversiteit binnen een staatsverband. Daarbij vergelijkt hij het Ethiopische stelsel met het natie-staat federalisme van de VS en Duitsland en in het bijzonder het multiculturele federalisme van India, Nigeria en Zwitserland. Hij pleit onder meer voor een herziening van de basis van deelstaten in Ethiopië, versterking van de inbreng van deelstaten in de besluitvorming op federaal niveau, van samenwerkingsmechanismen en -instellingen tussen deelstaten en federatie, als onderdeel van een constitutionele schikking die deel kan uitmaken van een breder politiek vergelijk waartoe de huidige situatie aanleiding is.
|Fiscal Federalism in the Ethiopian Ethnic-based Federal System|
The post-1991 period witnessed the introduction of an unprecedented political structure in the modern history of Ethiopia. The federal Constitution, which was adopted in December 1994 and came into force in August 1995, is built on the principle of ‘the sovereignty of nations, nationalities and peoples’ as a guiding principle of accommodating diversity and the distribution of powers and responsibilities between the central and regional governments. The Constitution confirmed a new approach towards ethnic diversity by stipulating ethno-linguistic criteria to be the primary basis of the federal structure.
This leads us to the study of the implementation of financial aspects of federalism, in short: fiscal federalism, which examines four interrelated issues: first, the distribution of expenditure responsibilities, which depends on the constitutional division of powers and responsibilities, deals with the issue of ‘who does what’. The second issue is the division of the revenue raising powers between the federal government and the regions. Third, the fiscal imbalances between the tiers of government and the disparities between them in executing their respective responsibilities. Here, the study focuses on the causes and impact of the two kinds of financial imbalances, referred to as vertical and horizontal fiscal imbalances. Fourth, the process of adjusting the imbalances and establishing a meaningful relationship between the tiers of government, both of which are indispensable for a viable federal system.In a federal system, there could be some measure of inequality between the regions, i.e. some could be richer than others.
This study examines not only the regime of fiscal federalism proper in Ethiopia but also seeks to indicate the need to avert the perils of the ethnic-based federal system.
|Armed intervention in international politics|
Since the turn of the century the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have stimulated a discussion on the legitimacy of armed intervention on behalf of democracy.
This study provides a long-term perspective of how in particular great powers have often tried to impose their own constitutional arrangements on foreign states and how this relates to the basic norm of nonintervention in international relations.
Based on a compilation of cases of armed intervention the study provides a broad view of this phenomenon since the beginning of the modern state system since the Peace of Westphalia in 1648.
|Security and European Human Rights: protecting individual rights in times of exception and military action|
In order better to understand the meaning of internal and external security for Europe, the institutions which are engaged in security and their actions need to be analysed. The institutions which are primarily responsible for security are the police within the state and the army as regards the external world. While the worlds in which they engage are sepa-rated by the border of sovereignty, their objective of providing security is defined foremost by their duty to protect the people and the state to which they belong and by which they are paid. Thus the police owe a duty of protection to the people they police and the military owe a duty of protection to their citizens and state. The mechanisms, practices and technologies available to each of these two institutions are different (though there is increasing overlap). They are subject to different legal regimes as regards the legality of their actions – the police are answerable for their ac-tions within the criminal justice systems of the Member States, the military are judged by their own separate courts. ‘Europe’, however, is changing our understanding of the border of sovereignty and the obligations of our institutions towards their people.
Police cooperation has long been within the scope of EU policy, and is the focus of the 2005 Hague Programme on the development of an area of freedom, security and justice. Market integration in the EU has now been enhanced by a Common European Defence and Security Policy. The military is no longer outside the scope of EU law and policy. At the same time, the borders of sovereignty among the Member States are increasingly common – intra Member State borders are no longer the place of control and protec-tion against threat. Instead it is the common external border which is the focus of attention. But this common external border has also been the subject of dramatic change.
In 2004 ten new Member States joined the EU enlarging the space very considerably. Further enlargement to Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey are envisaged in the near future.Another Europe is also present in any discussion of the legality of actions by the state: that of the European Convention on Human Rights. The European Court of Human Rights has begun to refer to the convention, to which its interpretation is entrusted, as an instrument of European public order. The duty of the state to protect its people both within and outside the borders of sovereignty and the means which the state may reasonably use to do so are questions which are arising with ever greater frequency before the European Court of Human Rights.
A series of cases, primarily against the UK and Turkey in the 1990s, has established beyond question the duty of the state to investigate fully allegations of extrajudicial killing and torture within its borders. A newer series of cases which have come before the Court have challenged the limitation of the duty of the state to investigation within its borders, suggesting also a duty which may extend to the actions of its agents outside its borders.
The engagement of a number of European states in military action in Iraq from 2003 onwards in support of the US invasion there has brought fresh challenges to the question of legality and action abroad. In this series of reports, we will look only at one aspect, the treatment of acts by members of the military which cause death to civilians in Iraq. In three Member States criminal charges have been laid in respect of such acts – the Netherlands, Denmark and the UK. The shadows of both the EU and the European Convention on Human Rights are evident in these cases – providing the background to what appears to be a changing dynamic to the concepts of respon-sibility and protection. It is our intention that by examining the specific cases and their legal framework we will contribute to a better understanding of the relationship of the internal and external in law in Europe.
2. Key Rights of the European Convention on Human Rights
3. Scope of the European Convention on Human Rights
4. The Derogations v ius cogens
5. Borders and Military Action within the State
6. The Military Abroad consequences of the ECHR: Reconciling Jurisdiction and Responsibilities?
Annex I Using Article 15 ECHR
Annex II Defining Torture, Inhuman and Degrading TreatmentAnnex III The European Convention on Human Rights
|The Barrier in the Occupied Palestinian Territory|
The construction of the Barrier in the Occupied Palestinian Territory and accompanying regime raises various issues of interest within the field of international law.
This research is focussed on the protection of Palestinian private real property. The main question is what legal protection is offered by the regimes of humanitarian and human rights law regarding private real property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory in the content of the seizure and destruction of property for the construction of the Barrier by Israel. Moreover, what legal action can be undertaken by both the individual Palestinians and the international community to enforce the relevant provisions?
|When does war become crime?|
D-J. Dieben & T. Dieben
This essay gives an analysis of the Dutch participation in the war in Iraq and of the crucial meaning of the Rules Of Engagement when soldiers are in operation after the end of the combat but still occupying the country and participating to Law and Order activities. The authors show through the case of Eric O., the difficulty to trace the boundaries between actions of war and actions of internal security. On the one hand, the government is keen to give the military soldiers extensive powers, even if the situation is “calm”. On the other hand, the prosecutor considered the shooting incident in the province of Al-Muthanna in Iraq on December 27, 2003, where an unarmed Iraqi man was fatally wounded, as a criminal case.
The Eric O. case highlights the tensions in Southern Iraq, but the situation there can be compared with other parts of Iraq, with Kosovo, Afghanistan, or Sierra Leone. It opens very important questions about war, crime, security and democracy, and about the role of the soldiers.
|Interrogating the Treaty|
M. Craven & M. Fitzmaurice (eds.)
The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties has come to assume an almost canonical significance for international lawyers. Its influence has been such that the law of treaties is no longer generally regarded by international lawyers as a particularly productive field for academic thought and debate. The purpose of this volume is to encourage some reconsideration of that assumption, inviting international lawyers to reflect not only upon what functions treaties may serve in a changing international environment, or upon the multifarious forms that treaty-making activity. To what extent may treaties construct and mould the identity of participating States? How far does treaty making advance or retard the pursuit of collective interests? What role do ideas of power or consent play in the field?
These and many other similar questions, are the subject of the essays in this collection.
|The United Nations and the Question of Palestine - Volume 1 |
Hilwig, E.; Fait, S; Althuis, P. van; Wolf, W. van der (Eds).
The Palestine problem became an international issue towards the end of the First World War with the disintegration of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. Palestine was among the several former Ottoman Arab territories which were placed under the administration of Great Britain under the Mandates System adopted by the League of Nations pursuant to the League`s Covenant (Article 22) . All but one of these Mandated Territories became fully independent States, as anticipated. The exception was Palestine where, instead of being limited to "the rendering of administrative assistance and advice" the Mandate had as a primary objective the implementation of the "Balfour Declaration" issued by the British Government in 1917, expressing support for "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people". Since the 1990`s violence in the region spread again. The assassination of Prime-Minister Rabin and the tensions in the occupied territories did keep the Question of Palestine on the international agenda. In this collection of documents a complete overview of the United Nations efforts to establish a peaceful situation in the region is being published.
In the first 16 volumes annual developments from 1946-2000 are being provided. From 2000 onwards separate volumes containing documents and background-informationare being published frequently.
To complete the first 16 volumes a separate Index and Historical volume linking the documents in this first part of the collection will be published.
Currently available volumes:
Volume 1 1946-1950 ISBN 9789058502308 (2006)
Volume 2 1951-1966 ISBN 9789058504678 (2009)
Volume 3 1967-1969 ISBN 9789058504685 (2009)
Volume 4 1970–1973 ISBN 9789058504692 (2009)
Volume 5 1974-1976 ISBN 9789058505309 (2010)
Volume 6 1977-1979 ISBN 9789058505316 (2010)
Volume 7 1980-1981 ISBN 9789058505323 (2010)
Volume 8 1983-1984 ISBN 9789058508553 (2012)
Volume 9 1985-1986 ISBN 9789058508560 (2012)
Volume 10 1987-1989 ISBN 9789058509208 (2012)
Volume 11 1990-1992 ISBN 9789058509215 (2012)
Volume 12 1993-1995 ISBN 9789058509222 (2012)
Volume 13 1996-1998 ISBN 9789058509239 (2012)
Volume 14 1999-2001 ISNB 9789058509246 (2012)
Volume 15 2002-2004 ISBN 9789058509253 (2012)
Volume 16 2005-2006 ISBN 9789462400085 (2013)
Volume 17 2007 ISBN 9789462401013 (2014)
Volume 18 2008 ISBN 9789462401068 (2014)
Volume 19 2009 ISBN 9789462401075 (2014)
Volume 20 2010 ISBN 9789462402218 (2015)
Volume 21 2011 ISBN 9789462402225 (2015)
For subscriptions or ordering other volumes, contact us at email@example.com
|Charges, Evidence, and legal assistance in International Jurisdictions|
This book provides a comprehensive guide to the jurisprudence of the criminaltribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and Rwanda (ICTR) and the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) on several important procedural issues: the charging document (indictment), disclosure, access to evidence, admissibility and presentation of evidence, and legal assistance of counsel.
The book contains a digest of the relevant decisions, orders and judgements (which are collectively referred to as “decisions”) of the ICTY, ICTR and theSpecial Court (hereinafter ad hoc Tribunals) through December 2004.
The CD-ROM which accompanies this book includes the decisions themselves, which are organised topically on the CD-ROM. Most of the decisions on the CD-ROM are in electronically searchable format. The digest, together with the collections of the decisions, will assist practitioners and researchers in studying the jurisprudence of the Tribunals.
This jurisprudence reflects the current state of international criminal law. It will inevitably influence approaches of international courts, including theInternational Criminal Court (ICC) and “hybrid” tribunals, as well as national courts. The author also published another book in this series Indictment, disclosure, admissibility of evidence.
|Sporen van de Twintigste Eeuw|
Alting von Geusau, F.A.M.
De auteur adviseerde de Nederlandse Minister van Buitenlandse Zaken op het gebied van ontwapening en volkenrecht en maakte deel uit van de Koninkrijksdelegatie naar de Algemene Vergadering van de Verenigde Naties en schreef dit boek als afscheidsgeschenk voor studenten en collegae.
Het boek verscheen in beperkte oplage in December 1998. Het is "een gedurfd en boeiend boek" en "kraakt enkele harde noten", schrijft oud minister president mr. A.A.M. van Agt in zijn voorwoord. Geschreven door een jurist is het geen strikt rechtsgeleerde verhandeling.
De auteur schrijft vanuit eigen waarneming en ervaring en verlevendigt zijn beschouwingen met talrijke citaten uit literatuur, poëzie, filosofie en geschiedenis. De auteur bespreekt vervolgens waaruit de verandering in ons rechtsbewustzijn is voortgekomen. Juristen hebben de boeiende opdracht het democratisch idee van de menselijke waardigheid te vertalen in nieuwe beginselen en regels van internationaal recht en in een nieuwe Europese rechtsorde met zijn eigen Grondwet. Een deugdelijke rechtsorde ontstaat in het geweten van hen, die bereid zijn in waarheid en solidariteit te leven en voortdurend in opstand te komen tegen concrete schendingen van de menselijke waardigheid.
Prof. jhr. Dr. Frans A.M. Alting von Geusau (1933) is emeritus hoogleraar internationaal recht aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en emeritus hoogleraar Westelijke Samenwerking aan de Universiteit Leiden.
In this book André Krouwel analyses the changing relationship between political parties and the state, focussing on the legal regulation of parties.
First he discusses the historical development of party democracy in the four countries of this study: France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Secondly he studies the extent to which states have formally recognised the existence of parties by analysing legislation on political parties in the various national constitutions and laws. Thirdly he examines the level to which the state supports and facilitates the functioning of political parties, by assessing the (financial) resources that parties extract from the state. Finally, he evaluates the interaction between parties and the state by analysing the legal regulation of inner-party proceedings and the internal organisation of political parties.
Dr. André Krouwel is Lecturer in Comparative Political Science at the Vrije Universiteit of Amsterdam, Department of Political Science and Public Administration.
|National Legislation Incorporating International Crimes|
This CD mirrors a recent dynamic in international criminal law. After the adoption of the Rome Statute for a permanent International Criminal Court in July 1998, countries are adjusting their penal legislation to contain Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes. Also, attempts were undertaken to incorporate into domestic law the `general principles of criminal law` as contained in the Rome Statute. Eleven domestic legislative projects are on this CD. They intend to incorporate international crimes and general principles of criminal law according to the definitions contained in Parts II and III of the Rome Statute. It is remarkable that already less than five years after the adoption of the Rome Statute, common and civil law States from four different continents have engaged in such incorporation efforts: Common Law: Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.
Civil Law: the Kingdom of Belgium, Brazil, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Finland, Germany, the Kingdom of The Netherlands and Switzerland.
|Nederland als verzoekende staat bij de wederzijdse rechtshulp in strafzaken. Achtergronden, grenzen en mogelijkheden|
Strafrechtelijke opsporing en vervolging kunnen niet meer alleen nationaal beoordeeld worden. In de huidige maatschappij hebben grenzen tussen staten een andere betekenis dan vroeger gekregen. Het fysiek overschrijden van de grenzen tussen de verschillende staten is een normaal verschijnsel geworden. Dit kan ook gezegd worden van de internationale strafrechtelijke samenwerking.
In dit boek beschrijft Mr. J. Koers vanuit de internationale ontwikkelingen de praktijk en de ontwikkelingen in de wederzijdse rechtshulp met Nederland als verzoekende staat. Kernbegrippen uit het internationaal strafrecht komen aan de orde, de verdragen en hun politieke context alsmede de inhoud van de wederzijdse rechtshulp in strafzaken. Op welke wijze vindt, met Nederland als verzoekende staat, de wederzijdse rechtshulp plaats en hoe wordt in Nederland door opsporingsinstanties, het Openbaar Ministerie (OM) en de rechter omgegaan met in een andere staat verkregen gegevens en bewijsmateriaal?
Hij schrijft vanuit de praktijk van het opstellen, verzenden en uitvoeren van rechtshulpverzoeken en het omgaan met de resultaten van rechtshulpverzoeken.
Het boek bevat een enorme schat aan informatie. Een zeer grote hoeveelheid uitspraken, arresten, verdragen, wet- en regelgeving (allen nationaal en internationaal) worden op een zeer duidelijke manier gepresenteerd. Het boek bevat een jurisprudentie- en zakenregister, alsmede duidelijke overzichten van de belangrijkste wetgeving.