Highlights

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European Citizenship at the Crossroads


This book examines the changing role played by the European Union and international standards on loss and acquisition of nationality. It provides a comparative analysis of EU Member States regulations, administrative practices, court rulings and statistical data on questions related to loss of nationality and European citizenship. It assesses the multifaceted repercussions of the supranational venues of judicial and legal accountability over states autonomy and competences at times of deciding who is and who is not a citizen. The following questions are examined: to what the extent do EU Member States still hold the exclusive competence over domestic decisions in nationality matters? How do international and European legal principles and standards, as well as case-law by European courts progressively affect their margin of manoeuvre at times of deciding who is and who is not a ‘citizen’? What are the repercussions of their obligations in safeguarding citizenship of the Union? List of contents Preface 
   Gerard-René de Groot and Sergio Carrera Nuñez
About the Authors 
Abbreviations 
List of Tables and Figures 
Foreword 

   Zeta Georgiadou PART I: LOSS AND QUASI-LOSS OF NATIONALITY IN THE EU
Chapter 1 
Introduction: European Citizenship at a Crossroads
   Sergio Carrera Nuñez and Gerard-René de Groot
Chapter 2 
Survey on Rules on Loss of Nationality in International
Treaties and Case Law
   Gerard-René de Groot
Chapter 3 
A Comparative Analysis of Regulations on Involuntary
Loss of Nationality in the European Union
   Gerard-René de Groot and Maarten Peter Vink
Chapter 4
Reflections on Quasi-Loss of Nationality from
Comparative, International and European Perspectives
   Gerard-René de Groot and Patrick Wautelet
Chapter 5 
Mapping Statistics on Loss of Nationality in the EU:
A New Online Database
   Maarten Peter Vink and Ngo Chun Luk PART II: NATIONAL PERSPECTIVES AND DEVELOPMENTS
Chapter 6
Loss of Nationality in the Nordic Countries 185
   Eva Ersbøll
Chapter 7 
Deprivation of Citizenship:
The Latvian Example and EU Perspective
   Kristine Kruma
Chapter 8 
Is it Possible to Lose the Hungarian Nationality?
   Judit Tóth
Chapter 9 
Iberian Nationality Legislation and Sephardic Jews:
‘With due regard to European law’?
   Hans Ulrich Jessurun d’Oliveira
Chapter 10 
Attribution of Spanish Nationality to Children Born in Spain with the
Purpose of Avoiding Situations of Statelessness at Birth.
   Aurelia Álvarez Rodríguez and Guayasén
   Marrero González
Chapter 11 
How Much Does EU Citizenship Cost? The Maltese Citizenship-for-Sale
Affair: A Breakthrough for Sincere Cooperation in Citizenship of the Union?
   Sergio Carrera Nuñez PART III
ROTTMANN IN THE COURTS OF THE MEMBER STATES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION:
A collection of judgements, pending cases and caselaw notes 1. AUSTRIA
Gerard-René de Groot
1.1. CASE 1: An Austrian husband of Macedonian origin 
1.1.1. Text of the judgement 
1.1.2. Case Note 
1.2. CASE 2: An Austrian wife of Nigerian origin 
1.2.1. Text of the judgement 
1.2.2. Case Note 
1.3. CASE 3: An Austrian husband of Turkish origin 
1.3.1. Text of the judgement 
1.3.2. Case Note  2. BELGIUM
   Patrick Wautelet
2.1. CASE 4: Two Belgian children born in China 
2.1.1. Text of the judgement 
2.1.2. Case Note  3. CYPRUS
   Nicoletta Charalambidou
3.1. CASE 5 
3.1.1. Text of the judgement 
3.1.2. Case Note  4. DENMARK
   Eva Ersbøll
4.1. PENDING CASE 
4.1.1. Case description  5. GERMANY
   Gerard-René de Groot
5.1. CASE 6: The fate of Janko Rottmann 
5.1.1. Text of the judgement 
5.1.2. Case Note 
5.2. CASE 7: A German with Turkish roots 
5.2.1. Text of the judgement 
5.2.2. Case Note  6. LATVIA
   Kristine Kruma
6.1. CASE 8: A Latvian with a Russian background 
6.1.1. Text of the judgement: Court of First Instance 
6.1.2. Text of the judgement: Latvian Supreme Court 
6.1.3. Case Note  7. MALTA
   Daniela DeBono
7.1. CASE 9 
7.1.1. Text of the judgements: First Hall of the Constitutional Court 
7.1.2. Text of the judgements: Court of Appeals of the Constitutional Court 
7.1.3. Case Note  8. THE NETHERLANDS
   Ngo Chun Luk
8.1. Combined Case Note 
8.2. CASE 10: Parental error 
8.3. CASE 11: Syrian, not Iraqi 
8.4. CASE 12: Unintentional fraud 
8.5. CASE 13: Fictitious parentage 
8.6. CASE 14: Bigamous Egyptian 
8.7. CASE 15: Hidden criminal antecedents 
8.8. CASE 16: Identity fraud in Limburg 
8.9. Final Remarks 
8.10. Text of Judgments  9. THE NETHERLANDS
   Gerard-René de Groot
9.1. PENDING CASE 2: Dutch twins? 
9.1.1. Case description  10. SPAIN
   Guayasén Marrero González
10.1. CASE 17: Temporary residence permit on the grounds of exceptional circumstances (social         integration)
10.1.1. Text of the judgement 
10.1.2. Case Note  11. UNITED KINGDOM
11.1. PENDING CASE 3: A British Vietnamese involved in terrorism? 
11.1.1. Appeal: Court of Appeal of England and Wales 
11.1.2. Final appeal: Supreme Court – case description  12. EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
   Gerard-René de Groot
12.1. PENDING CASE 4: A Maltese husband of Egyptian origin 
12.1.1. Case description 
12.1.2. Comments 

ANNEX 1.
Guidelines Involuntary Loss of European Citizenship (ILEC Guidelines 2015) 
Gerard-René de Groot, Maarten Peter Vink and Patrick Wautelet REFERENCES AND SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 
 

Forthcoming Publications

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Regulating Anti-competitive Practices in Nigeria’s Communications Sector
C. E. Izuogu

This pioneering book gives a comprehensive review of the work of the Nigerian Communications Commission in regulating anti-competitive practices in Nigeria’s communications,market. To that end, the book among other things,,discusses the concept of a substantial lessening of competition, which is the substantive standard, used for evaluating anti-competitive conducts in Nigeria’s communications sector, and the substantive application of this standard by the Commission in the three broad areas of anti-competitive agreements and practices; abuse of a dominant position; and mergers, acquisitions and takeovers. The book also discusses the various conducts deemed by the Commission to result in a substantial lessening of competition, and the approach adopted by the Commission in regulating communications Licensees with market power and/or in conducting a dominance determination for the purpose of imposing ex ante regulatory obligations. It is intended that this book will serve as a useful research guide for competition and communications law practitioners in Nigeria, and especially offi cials of the Commission investigating anti-competitive practices. Academics, Economists and law students with an interest in the competition regulation of communications services in Nigeria will also find this book useful.

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Verzamelde gedichten
A. Gerits

Anton Gerits (‘s Gravenhage 1930) debuteerde als dichter in 1957 met de bundel Grondbezit bij A.A.M. Stols.   Dit boek bevat gedichten geschreven in de periode 1947 – 2015. J. Greshoff schreef naar aanleiding van zijn debuut aan Lou Boucher, vermaard letterkundige boekhandelaar en uitgever: ‘Eindelijk weer eens een eigen geluid’.   Adriaan Morriën oordeelde in Het Parool: ‘Poëzie die een zeer Hollandse indruk maakt en zich zomin aan modieuze experimenten als van een opgeschroefde hemelbestroming vertelt.’   Lucette Oostenbroek oordeelde over de bundel Alleen wanneer ik kijk: ‘Het is een verademing weer eens een bundel met echte haiku te mogen lezen. De auteur heeft in heel wat verzen dat gewichtloze stadium bereikt waarin subject en object opgeheven zijn om te versmelten tot één ervaring.’   D. Prinsen schreef in Wetenschap, Cultuur en Samenleving, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam over de bundel Landschapsbeheer: ‘Zelden is de breuk tussen mens en natuur treffender en beknopter geformuleerd.’   T. van Deel oordeelde: ‘Dit is echte poëzie, echt ook in de zin dat het hier gaat om de grote dingen van het leven, waar we vandaan komen, waar we zijn en waar we heengaan. Poëzie ook die dit raadsel durft te vergroten en die op een onmodieuze manier beschouwelijk durft te zijn.’   Jan Niesen oordeelde in Schoonschip 93 over Asielbeleid: ‘Hoe moeizaam de hermetische bolster van de poëzie van Anton Gerits ook geopend kanworden, het loont meer dan de moeite door te dringen in de poëtische pracht van een geabstraheerd landschap, een omwereld door de dichter dermate fijnzinnig gezeefd dat alleen wezenlijke, fundamentele zaken het licht zien en details vervagen. In zijn genre en met zijn benadering een uniek dichter.’

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A Comparative Study of Cybercrime in Criminal Law
Q. Wang

The development of information technology provides new opportunities for crimes. Firstly, it facilitates traditional crimes such as fraud, and secondly, it breeds new crimes such as hacking. The traditional crimes facilitated by information technology and the new crimes bred by it are the so-called cybercrime in this book. To regulate cybercrime, legal regimes have developed countermeasures in the field of criminal law at different levels. At the national level, China, the United States, England and Singapore have all undergone reforms to adapt their criminal law. At the international level, the Council of Europe has drafted the Convention on Cybercrime and opened it for signatures. However, the still commonly committed cybercrime, such as DDoS attacks and online fraud, indicates the insufficiency of these countermeasures. In this background, this book intends to answer the research question: how can the criminal law be adapted to regulate cybercrime? By using doctrinal research and comparative study as the main methods, this book firstly explores and analyses the approaches of cybercrime legislations in the selected five legal regimes both in the past and in the present, and secondly, compares the different approaches and concludes with respect to the following aspects:   Aspect 1: Do we need a cyber-specific legislation to regulate cybercrime?   Aspect 2: If we do need a specific legislation, what approaches are more systematic for it?   Aspect 3: What principles are sufficient and appropriate to determine jurisdiction over cybercrime?   Aspect 4: What is the function of the Convention on Cybercrime in shaping appropriate legislation against cybercrime?

Recent Publications

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Ad Fundum
C.L. van Blom & E.J.M.F.C. Broers (eds.)

On 12 and 13 December 2013, the Department of Public Law, Jurisprudence and Legal History at Tilburg Law School convened an international conference on legal history in honour of Dr. Olga Tellegen-Couperus, who in August of that year had formally retired from Tilburg University after 36 years. Colleagues and friends came from the Netherlands and from all over Europe to celebrate their years of professional exchange and comradeship with Olga. During two enthralling days, those who had known Olga for years and had developed long standing friendships with her mingled with other participants, including Olga’s PhD students. The different topics discussed mirrored Olga’s broad interests in proper legal history, Roman law, rhetoric and Common Law. All possible intertwining relations between those legal disciplines were brought forward in sound scholarly presentations, discourses and humorous talks. All participants took pleasure in sharing their academic research, engaging in debate and enjoying each other’s company. At the close of the conference, the plan was devised to capture the good atmosphere of the gathering in a booklet. After some preparation, we are now proud to present Ad Fundum, a liber amicorum for our beloved and highly respected colleague, Olga Tellegen-Couperus. The title of this festschrift is a true reflection of the thorough and enthusiastic way in which Olga committed herself to her academic career.

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Rechtshandelingen en NULLITEITEN
P.Abas

Het centrale gedeelte van het Nederlands vermogensrecht is neergelegd in titel 3.2 van het Burgerlijk Wetboek. Deze titel geeft regels voor rechtshandelingen en nulliteiten. Vooral op het laatste deel van deze titel richten zich de bezwaren van de auteur. Het gebouw van de nulliteiten -  met name art. 3:40 BW -  berust op fundamenten uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog, die zijn belichaamd in twee arresten van de Hoge Raad uit 1951. Na ruim 70 jaar is dit bouwsel sleets geraakt en is er behoefte aan vernieuwing. Aan het antwoord op de vraag hoe deze eruit moet zien, is deze monografie gewijd. Dit heeft geleid tot een formulering van een nieuw art. 3:40 BW en verandering van enige daarmee samenhangende voorschriften. Bij het voorgaande moet rekening worden gehouden met een afwijkend stelsel van nulliteiten in de Richtlijn oneerlijke bedingen in consumentenovereenkomsten (1993). Dit verschil doet zich vooral voelen bij de onmogelijkheid tot matiging van een contractuele boete. Aangezien het Nederlandse systeem vrucht is van het pandectisme dat zich heeft verbreid over grote delen van Europa heeft rechtsvergelijking in deze materie geen zin.

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Recht en armoede
Sarah van Kampen & Michael Milo (eds.)

Recht en armoede – in een zestal bijdragen wordt de verhouding tussen beide vanuit verschillende juridische disciplines geadresseerd. Armoede als blijvend actueel maatschappelijk onderwerp raakt allen, die het recht beoefenen in praktijk en in theorie, in wetgeving, rechtspraak en in het rechtsgeleerd onderzoek. Law and poverty - relations between both domains are explored in six contributions (two English), from various legal perspectives in the Dutch and South African jurisdiction. The theme is of continuing importance and calls upon lawyers - judges, legislators and professors alike.

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