: International Public Law & politics
The World’s Stateless
Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion
To end statelessness worldwide by 2024. That is the ambition of the #ibelong campaign, spearheaded by UNHCR, which aims to galvanise governments, civil society, UN agencies and others into action. It is a bold but appropriate objective. Statelessness has been a cause of human suffering for too long, and unnecessarily so: it is a man-made phenomenon and bringing it to an end is – at least in theory – entirely feasible. The Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion is committed to helping to inform and catalyse solutions for statelessness. In the hope of contributing to a better sense of the task ahead, this inaugural World’s Stateless report explores currently available statistical data and discusses the challenges involved in accurately mapping or quantifying statelessness. From this analysis, the report distils recommendations to states, UNHCR and civil society on how to improve data collection and reporting on statelessness. The Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion is an independent, non-profit organisation dedicated to leading an integrated, inter-disciplinary response to the injustice of statelessness and exclusion. Established in August 2014, it is the first global centre of expertise and action committed to promoting the rights of stateless persons and reducing statelessness worldwide. We believe in the value of research, education, partnership and advocacy. We aim to develop and share our skills and expertise with partners in civil society, academia, the UN and governments, and to serve as a catalyst for change.
The purpose of this scripture is to learn more on a particular kind of confinement in prison: the life imprisonment. This book discusses the issue of life imprisonment. Does it imply that inmates may remain in prison for the rest of their life? Often, the public opinion thinks that the worst criminals may be released after few years and may commit other crimes against the society. In some states an inmate can die in prison. Is this kind of punishment in line with the punishment purposes? May this kind of punishment violate inmates’ human rights? These questions will be examined in light of law and jurisprudence, in order to discover if life sentence is efficient. Some academics had described the life imprisonment as a hidden and slow death penalty. The European Court of Human Rights has drafted clear boards. Regardless of supporting the concept or not, life imprisonment or not, a change in prison policies is required.
Monitor Gesubsidieerde Rechtsbijstand 2015
S.L. Peters, M. van Gammeren-Zoeteweij & L. Combrink-Kuiters
Toegang tot het recht is een belangrijke pijler voor een goed functionerende rechtstaat. De Raad voor Rechtsbijstand maakt zich sterk voor het belang van burgers als zij tegen juridische problemen aanlopen. Dat doet de Raad op basis van de Wet op de Rechtsbijstand. De Raad wijst rechtzoekenden de weg, bevordert een goede toegang tot het recht en stimuleert goede kwaliteit van de rechtsbijstand. Ook fungeert de Raad als kenniscentrum op het gebied van de gesubsidieerde rechtsbijstand. Hierbij is de Monitor Gesubsidieerde Rechtsbijstand (MGR) een belangrijk instrument. Elk jaar publiceert de Raad voor Rechtsbijstand deze monitor om te beschrijven hoe de toegang tot, de vraag naar en het aanbod van gesubsidieerde rechtsbijstand zich ontwikkelen. Door periodiek op een uniforme wijze informatie te verzamelen over een beperkt aantal indicatoren wordt inzicht geboden in trends door de jaren heen. Om tevens inzicht te bieden in de effecten van specifieke beleids-of wetswijzigingen wordt ook verslag gedaan van aanvullende onderzoeken.
The Right to Reparations under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC)
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court established and vested the Court with the power to decide on reparations to victims. The concept of reparations to victims remains a controversial topic in international criminal law. Does the Statute explicitly create victims’ right to reparations? How and why have we to distinguish between reparations under Article 75 and victim assistance or support from the Trust Fund created by Article 79 of the Statute? Does the Statute or international law embody substantive law to be applied to reparations to victims? From a procedural perspective other questions arise: Has the Statute or the Court developed procedural law that allows to balance the interests of parties to proceedings before a court whose mission is primarily criminal? Where a conflict of jurisdiction arises between the International Criminal Court and national courts, as regards reparations against a convicted person, how can the risk be dispelled? What kind of reparations may redress victims of the most serious international crimes, such as crime of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes? Does there exist an effective legal framework to facilitate the implementation of reparations orders issued by the Court? This book endeavours to discuss the major legal issues arising from the introduction of the concept of reparations to victims in international criminal law. More particularly, the book describes challenges in implementing Article 75 of the Rome Statute and attempts to suggest legal solutions thereto.
Human Rights Obligations of Armed Non-State Actors in Non-International Armed Conflicts
This book explores the human rights obligations of armed non-state actors in non-international armed conflicts from the existing sources. This book seriously challenges the Statecentric view of human rights by breaking the traditional perception of international human rights regime that applies only to State actors. This book shows the necessity in considering the capacity of de facto regimes of armed non-state actors to incur human rights obligations in order to protect individuals and groups, and regulate their daily lives in the control areas of these armed non-state actors. Further, this book proves the capacity of armed non-state actors for violating human rights as well as bearing human rights obligations in non-international armed conflicts. The degree of human rights obligations of armed non-state actors, especially regarding civil and political rights, as well as obligations towards some vulnerable groups, has been confirmed in this book. Nevertheless it is very difficult to impose human rights obligations on armed nonstate actors without relying on other international norms such as international humanitarian law and international criminal law in non-international armed conflicts since these bodies of law give more detailed provisions to regulate the specific issue. In addition, the success of the fulfilment of obligations in international norms by armed non-state actors mostly depends on their capacity, willingness and intentions, including the ideology of a specific group.