: Labour Law
100 Years of Child Protection
Children in need are the concern of parents, professionals, policymakers, society and, last but not least, of children themselves. Children in need, including children who cause serious problems, are entitled to protection and assistance. What is the future of child protection? In 1905, legislation on children and people came into force in the Netherlands: a law concerning the removal of children from parental care and control: a juvenile justice act: and a law on child protection measures. In the same period, similar laws were adopted in other European countries. The Century of the Child, declared by Ellen Key, had just begun. One hundred years later it is time for retrospection, and for reflection and new perspectives, taking guidence from the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This important international human rights treaty was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 20 november 1989, and provides standards and procedures that should form the minimum basis for the protection of children.
In this book, professionals from a variety of disciplines share their ideas, experiences solutions and visions, concerning the past and the future, between East and West, and North and South. The book concludes with a set of inspiring recommendations and principles for everyone working with and for children to fully realise the right to child protection.
Crimmigration law in the European Union
A. Pahladsingh & J. Waasdorp
In the European Union the Return Directive aims at establishing common standards and procedures to be applied in Member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals. An entry ban prohibits entry into and stay on the territory of all EU Member States (except the United Kingdom and Ireland) and Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. This instrument is intended to have preventive effects and to foster the credibility of EU return policy. The clear message is that those who disregard migration rules in the Member States will not be allowed to re-enter any Member State for a specified period. Furthermore, the entry ban is an instrument which can be used to prevent or to counter terrorism. The use of criminal sanctions in the area of immigration opens the largely political debate on the legitimacy of the process of criminalizing foreigners. The merger between criminal law and immigration law has been classified as “crimmigration law”. The entry ban falls within the scope of crimmigration law. The relation between immigration law and criminal law and the compatibility of national penal measures imposed as a punishment for illegal migration is developed in the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. There is a well-established jurisprudence on the interplay between domestic penal sanctions and the effectiveness of return policy. The effectiveness of the return process would be compromised by the application of a criminal penalty for violating the entry ban, because the primary objective of the Directive is not to prevent illegal presence in the territory but rather to put an end to it. The current issue is to determine to what extent the use of criminal sanctions by Member States is allowed in the situation that an entry ban is issued against an illegally staying third-country national. This research focuses on this issue.
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ON NATIONALITY LAW
G. R. de Groot & O.W. Vonk
While nationality law has traditionally been part of the nation-state’s ‘reserved domain’, recent decades have witnessed a growing body of international standards and guidelines in this area. This book provides the first comprehensive collection of multilateral international treaties, other international documents and case law of international tribunals regarding nationality law. Together these materials reflect the currently existing status of nationality under international law.
In addition, from being a stable field of law, nationality law has been subject to growing instrumentalization and change. International Standards on Nationality Law thus examines topical issues relating to nationality such as discriminatory practices in relation to gender, ethnicity and race, the status of surrogate-born children, diplomatic protection, the revocation of nationality of convicted terrorists, and ‘citizenship-for-sale’ programmes. Extensive bibliographical references have been included throughout, enabling the reader to identify relevant publications for further reading. Gerard-René de Groot is Professor of Comparative Law and Private International Law at Maastricht University and the University of Aruba (the Netherlands), and co-director of the Maastricht Centre for Citizenship, Migration and Development (MACIMIDE). He is the author of more than 500 publications in the areas of comparative law, nationality law and legal translation, and has acted on numerous occasions as expert-consultant to both national and international bodies dealing with matters of nationality law.
Olivier Willem Vonk holds a PhD from the European University Institute (Italy) and is currently a Marie Curie COFUND Fellow at the University of Liège (Belgium). Previously, he was a Marie Curie Outgoing Fellow at Maastricht University and a visiting researcher at Georgetown University (US). His publications include Dual Nationality in the European Union and Nationality Law in the Western Hemisphere (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers).
The authors are Consortium Members of the EUDO CITIZENSHIP Observatory and have collaborated with different organisations and institutions on issues of nationality law, including the Council of Europe, UNHCR, and the European Parliament.
Nationality Requirements in Olympic Sports
Who may compete for a country at the Olympics?
While the qualification rounds for the Rio Olympics have received huge media attention, the underlying question regarding which country an athlete may compete for only makes headlines when prominent athletes change the country for whom they are competing. Nationality requirements are an issue that has yet to be brought to the forefront of public discussion, as most recent works have only focussed on a small number of Olympic sports. This book explores the terra incognita of nationality requirements in Olympic sports, providing not only a comprehensive overview of the different sports, but also placing them in the wider context of the international standards of nationality law. The following questions are examined:
What are the eligibility criteria currently employed by the Olympic Sports? To what extent is it problematic to align these currently applicable eligibility criteria with international standards of nationality law? How can tensions that may exist between the criteria applied by the sporting federations and the international standards of nationality law be solved?
S. Fennell, R. Kroes, F. Koppejan, A. Thier (red.)
Met nieuwe Nederlandse regels sinds 1 januari 2016 en de in april 2016 aangenomen Europese Algemene Verordening Gegevensbescherming (AVG) is privacy weer volop in beweging na een lange periode van relatieve rust. In deze bundel tref je een overzicht aan van de belangrijkste algemene wet- en regelgeving op het gebied van privacy en de bescherming van persoonsgegevens. Deze bundel is daarmee een onmisbaar hulpmiddel voor iedereen die vanuit zijn of haar vakgebied met privacykwesties in aanraking komt. Zoals je van Privacy Company gewend bent, bevat ook deze versie suggesties van superheld Captain Privacy, de boetebedragen bij de betreffende artikelen en een handig trefwoordenregister. Bent u al voorbereidingen aan het treffen voor de inwerkingtreding van de AVG in 2018 of heeft u vragen over implementatie van andere relevante wet-en regelgeving? Wij helpen u graag op een
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